Patios and new walls can also enhance your garden area as do ponds and new water features. Fishponds and nature ponds attract wildlife and we are very experienced in pond and pool construction. Basic gardening such as path cleaning, pruning, shrub, hedge and grass cutting and ivy removal can also considerably enhance your outdoor space and a children's play area incorporation a tree house or other unique feature can greatly benefit all.
We have been specialists in constructing garden pools and ponds for many decades. We are trade members of IFOCAS ,the aquatic federartion who are the world's leading authoritative voice on all matters aquatic and fish related.
Koi pools especially require expertise in construction and filtration, but even a simple pool and fountain can be maintained to crystal clarity if correctly installed.
Author: Robert Fenner
Title: Landscaping Around Your Pond
Summary: Landscaping tips, and suggestions for plants that can be used around a pond, plus a very long and interesting list of plants which can be toxic to fish and which should not be planted near a water feature.
Contact for editing purposes:
Reprinted from Aquarticles:
October 2003: Posted on Jeffrey Daro's new website IHeartMyPond.com
May 2004: Newsletter of the Piedmont Koi & Watergarden Society
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Internet publication ( non-profit web site):
Profits to the FishOrphans rehoming scheme
Landscaping Around Your Pond
by Robert Fenner
Many of the same considerations given to plant selection and placement for around spas and pools apply to the landscape surrounding water features. You want plantings that accent and blend with the pond, fall, fountain, without adding leaf litter, or disrupting the water effects structure. Additionally, if you have livestock in your system, you need to be aware of the changes that the plants' droppings will bring to the water.
Plants to Use Near Aquatic Gardens:
Due to the breadth of what's known, you are encouraged to avail yourself of as many other source materials as is necessary. We can only cover some basic varieties and philosophy here.
Sources of Plant Materials:
Do yourself and your landscape the justice of making a sketch of the space, drainage, walls, et al. to share with your fellow conspirators. Make sure and mention the intended placement of the plants around the water.
A lot of hardwoods (due to toxic leaf-effects), and large palms (due to invasive roots) should be placed well away from the feature. Ditto for large surface rooted plants like coral trees and some of the big figs; they will actually uproot the basins, and maybe your house too.
I must mention ferns, as they are perennial favorites. I'm especially fond of shield (Dryopteris marginalis) and maiden hair (Adiantum pedatum). I wouldn't have a pond without some staghorn ferns (Platycerium) growing nearby. Of course the ferns that are so large as to counted "trees" are great where weather allows.
Yet another of my "pet" groups of plants are the ancient cycads. Every one can afford the most common of these palm-like plants, the sago "palm", Cycas revoluta. These plants and their brethren make great center piece or high profile plants. They are extremely hardy and long-living.
Problematical Plants For Fish:
Aconite (monkshood), roots flowers and leaves.
Plantings At The Water's Edge
From what perspective will the water be viewed? Sitting, standing, inside to outside the home? Will this preclude the use of any foreground plantings? Or maybe some low-growing perennials can still be inserted to advantage. Are there mechanical components or even walls and buildings that can/should be disguised/diffused with plantscapes? Having the plant height, texture and color contoured around the effect can do much to add drama and visual excitement.
Are there hillocks or large rocks in the landscape? When planting trees near big, tall natural structures, they should in front on the windswept side, as they occur in nature. Take a lesson from nature; trees are found in this condition because seeds normally germinate on warm, sunny sides, rather than the shady areas where molds and insects make it hard for seedlings to survive.
In planning, my general course of action is to discuss the larger key elements such as hills, rock(s), a large tree or other dominant accent plants, and build the shrubs and perennials around these. Other writers advocate starting your design with the low-lying damp garden plants.
Try to keep in mind that bunching individual kinds of plants is far more effective than placing just one of everything; and make provision for their ultimate size. I've found the best way to do this is to make "cut-outs" for each plant and overlay them on my quadrille paper lay-out of the entire garden.
Don't be discouraged that you're not a garden "expert". Enlist others' opinions from the landscape hobby and industry groups, visit example water/landscapes, and read all the books you can get your hands on. Lastly, remember though there is some general consensus that basic elements not clash or "fight with each other", it is your garden, and "whatever you like" is best.
Care of Surrounding Plantscapes:
Less well elucidated is the need to expediently remove leaf litter and branches. If left to accumulate some are outright toxic, others ultimately do no good for water quality. I have witnessed and removed huge masses of pitchy conifer needles, tannin, flavin staining leaves from systems where all macro- life has been wiped out. Keep these materials netted out on a regular basis, especially before they're trapped below ice. Aerobic decomposition of such organic material may utilize all the available oxygen in the water.
With the use of moisture loving perennials and hardy ornamental grasses, your water effect will become the focus of the garden throughout the year.
Anon. 1992. Some of the worst plants to have around koi. Koi USA 11-12/92.
Cuny, Jayne Lee. Potentially problem plants. AKCA v. 2.
Editors of Sunset Books and Sunset Magazine. 1979. Sunset New Western Garden Book. Lane Publishing Co., Menlo Park, CA.
Inouye, Jimmy. Pond landscaping. Intl. Koi and Watergardens 10-11/84.
Swindells, Philip. 1988. Grasses, sedges and rushes for the waterside. Water Garden Journal 12/88.
White-Taylor, Barbara. 1988. Pets and poisonous plants. The Pet Dealer 12/88.
Williamson, John. 1986. Reflected Eden: gardening at the water's edge. Horticulture 12/86.
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